What it is

A medical condition of the eyes that involves a severe impairment in vision, not corrected by glasses.

Teaching Strategies

• Provide copies of written texts and handouts in large print or Braille.
• Use appropriate assistive technology.
• Implement strategies received from a teacher of the blind.
• Use other media sources for delivering information (audio cassette, voice file).
• Use physical models and/or concrete materials whenever possible, to help the student understand concepts.


• Consistently keep items in predictable/predetermined places (desks, chairs, scissors, etc.).
• Give the student appropriate warning of any changes to the classroom set up, and provide support for familiarizing with the new set up.
• Use preferential seating so that the student is close to the teacher for additional instructions.
• Reduce auditory noise in classroom.
• Provide easy access to Braille equipment, if appropriate.
• Provide elevator access if necessary/available.
• Develop and practice a plan for emergency evacuations to ensure safety.


• Use assistive technology and Braille materials.
• Provide extra time.
• Use oral tests/scribe.
• Provide choices for projects/assignments.

See the Blind and Low Vision Exceptionality page for more informations and resources.


Numerous links, organized by specific topic.

Braille Information

W. Ross Macdonald School (Brantford ON).

For Purchase

Strategies for various student needs.